Pesticides, both chemical and bio-pesticides, do play a significant role in management of pests to minimize crop losses. However, most of the chemical pesticides have to be handled with caution and care throughout their life cycle viz., production, transport, storage, usage and disposal, in view of the adverse impact they have on the agro-eco-systems, environment and human health. Pesticide Management provides appropriate advisories for scientific management of the pesticides. The International Code of Conduct on distribution and usage of pesticides provides guidelines for regulating the availability, distribution and use of pesticides.  

Ever since the launch of green revolution in the 1960s, the consumption of chemical pesticides has been widespread and used quite excessively by the farmers on different crops. The Insecticide Act, 1968 and Insecticide Rules, 1971 regulates import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of pesticides in the country. The Central, Regional and State Pesticide Testing Laboratories analyze the samples sent by the Insecticide Inspectors for quality assessment.

NIPHM is one of the designated institutions for offering the mandatory training programme in pesticide formulation analysis as per the Insecticide Act. The Analysts of Central and State Pesticide Testing Laboratories have to undergo the 66 days training programme offered by NPHM to be qualified as analysts. NIPHM is also entrusted with the mandate of capacity building of all the stake holders for effective Pesticide Management. The division offers:

a) Capacity building programmes to enhance the skills of the Pesticide Analysts, Insecticide Inspectors and Dealers of Pesticides.

b) Provides consultancy for establishing Pesticide Testing Laboratories and for securing accreditation by National Accreditation Board of Calibration and Testing Laboratories (NABL).

c) Conducts Proficiency Testing in Pesticides (both Quality control and Residue analysis) to assess the competence of the analysts and laboratories.

Pesticide Management Division of NIPHM is also notified as a regional laboratory of CIL for the analysis of bio-pesticides under section 16 the Insecticides Act 1968. The State Departments of Agriculture avail the facility at NIPHM for detecting adulteration/lacing of bio-pesticides with synthetic pesticides. The Pesticide Management Division, is well equipped with modern analytical instruments required for quality control of pesticides, monitoring of pesticide residues and analysis of bio-pesticides besides confirmatory analysis. The Laboratory is accredited by NABL under ISO 17025-2005 for chemical pesticide analysis.

Infrastructure :

Nitrogen Evaporator

Refrigerated Centrifuge

High Volume Centrifuge

Muffle Furnace             


Quartz double distillation unit

Sample Crusher





I. Capacity building programmes for quality control

1. Pesticide Formulation Analysis Course (PFA)

The objective of the course is to build the capacity of Analysts working in the Pesticide Testing Laboratories. Programme is devised to be highly practical oriented and to give hands on experience on each techniques of analysis. The participants are trained in using legally valid analytical methods approved by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and the Registration Committee, Central Insecticide Board, for analysis of pesticide formulations. The techniques & methods of analysis both in volumetric as well as modern Analytical Instruments-namely Chromatographic (HPLC, GLC) and Spectroscopic (UV-Vis &IR) Techniques are covered during the programme.
The PFA programme is of 66 days duration and annually two to three programmes are conducted. Officers all over the country are taking advantages of this training.

2. Refresher Programme on Analysis of New Molecules of Pesticide Formulations:

The objective of the course is to build the capacity of the Analysts of the PTLs in analyzing the newly introduced pesticide formulations and upgrade their analytical skills using modern Analytical Instruments. The course covers both theoretical and practical aspects of the Spectroscopy, Chromatography, Instrumentation, the maintenance and trouble shooting.

II. Programmes on Enforcement of Insecticide Act 1968 & Insecticide rules 1971:

1. Principles of Pesticide Management:

The objective of the course is to build the capacity of the scientists of Agricultural Universities and other stake holders who are involved in teaching and involved in Pesticide Management. The Principles of Pesticide Management course is of 21 days duration, covering various aspects of pesticides from registration to disposal- the total life cycle of the pesticides as per the Insecticide Act 1968 and Rules 1971 and International Code of Conduct.

2. Inspection, Sampling and Prosecution under Insecticide Act and Rules

The objective of the course is to build the capacity of the Insecticide Inspectors to understand the Act and Rules besides understanding the procedures of inspection, sampling of Pesticides from the markets as well as manufacturing industries. The course also covers issues involved in the process of getting the samples analyzed from the designated PTLs, interpretation of Insecticide Analyst’s reports and appropriate administrative action and prosecution wherever necessary. Practical demonstration of sampling at a retail shop is also organized. The programme is of 6 days duration and two to four programmes are conducted in a year.

3. Training programme for Pesticide Dealers

A three days exclusive programme for Distributors, and Dealers is organized to familiarize with different aspects of the Insecticide Act 1968 and Rules 1971. The Pesticide Industry extends their support to sponsoring their dealers for this programme.

III. Capacity building in Pesticide Residue Analysis

1. Pesticide Residue Analysis (PRA) :

The objective of the course is to build the capacity of Pesticide Residue Analysts working in various Pesticide Residue Testing Laboratories. The participants are trained in preparation of samples, extraction, cleanup of the extracts and estimation besides confirmations using different analytical methods viz., Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC International), QuEChERS, Environmental Protection agency (US-EPA), USA and Laboratory Developed Methods( in house methods). The participants gains knowledge to adopt the technology to analyze different matrices of samples during the programme and learns skills for pesticide residue analysis. The PRA programme is of 30 days duration and annually two to three 3 programmes are conducted.

2. Sampling of Vegetables, Fruits and Agricultural commodities for PRA

The objective of the course was to build the capacity of Analysts in sampling of agricultural commodities from the farms for pesticide residue analysis as per the international norms. The participants are trained in different techniques and methodologies adopted while drawing the samples for pesticide residue analysis so as to represent the total farm/ field. The programme is of 2 days duration and annually two to three programmes are conducted.

IV. Laboratory Quality Management & Internal Audit based on ISO-17025:2005

The objective of the course of 6 days duration, is to build the capacity of Analysts working in PTLs to organize and manage the Laboratories as per the norms of ISO 17025-2005 and prepare themselves to obtain NABL accreditation. This programme is conducted thrice in the campus and as per the requirement this programme is also conducted off campus at different places on payment basis.

V. Consultancy Services offered

1. Consultancy for securing NABL Accreditation and Training on Laboratory Management and Internal Audit as per ISO:17025-2005

NIPHM offers consultancy for Internal Audit of PTLs and preparedness for Accreditation by NABL under ISO 17025-2005 to various SPTLs Departments of Agriculture and the Laboratories of Agricultural Universities. The Institute is offering consultancy to the Pesticide Residue Laboratory and State Pesticide Testing laboratories and Private sector laboratories.

2. Proficiency Testing:

The Pesticide Management Division conducts proficiency testing in Pesticide Formulation and Pesticide Residue Analysis which is one of the requirements for the laboratories seeking accreditation by NABL under ISO/IEC 17025-2005. The proficiency testing for Pesticide Residue analysis is conducted for the different matrices of agricultural produce and water. The proficiency testing for Pesticide Formulation analysis is conducted for the different formulations. The “ Z” score is being communicated to all the participated Laboratories based on the evaluation of reported results by each Laboratory.

3. Inter Laboratory comparison testing :

NIPHM also conducts and participates in the Inter Laboratory comparison tests for the analysis of pesticides for quality control and residue analysis.

VI. Analysis of Bio products:

NIPHM analyzes bio-products to detect adulteration with synthetic pesticides. Many bio-pesticide samples received from different State Departments of Agriculture and the Central Insecticide Laboratory are being analysed.

VII. National Project on Monitoring of Pesticide Residues(NPMPR):

NIPHM is one of the recognized centers under the National Project on Monitoring of Pesticide Residues. Every month samples fruit, vegetables, cereals, pulses, spices, milk and water are drawn from local market and analysed.